Cannabis has been used for centuries to combat a variety of systemic ailments, both of the mind and body. There is archeological evidence that proves that humans have used cannabis for at least 10,000 years. In 1785, French naturalist Jean-Baptiste Lamarck published a description of a cannabis species he discovered in India. He named the species cannabis indica. In a medical journal dated May 24, 1890, cannabis indica is recommended as a therapy. A pharmacology encyclopedia published in 1900 by the United States of America Pharmacopoeia Convention lists recipes for tinctures and more using cannabis indica and describes.
Modern Botanists Robert Clarke and Mark D. Merlin expressed that the legacy of cannabis, in general, speaks volumes about its benefits. They reference that it’s entirely possible that cannabis has been around for millions of years, likely before humans existed. Clarke and Merlin describe the geographical history of the cannabis plant in great detail. However, somewhere along the way, humans became more reliant on other medications to maintain their health. As the research increases and the data supports the notion that cannabis has medicinal and healing properties, more and more patients are deciding to use medical marijuana.
There are two main species of cannabis, each offering their own benefits: Indica and Sativa. Indicas originate from the Middle East, Central Asia and Indian subcontinent and over time have migrated all over the world. The different strains of cannabis contain different blends of cannabinoids. In recent years, breeders combined both strains to create a hybrid plant.
Understanding the qualities of an Indica cannabis strain will enable patients to select medications based on their medical needs. Indica strains typically address physical disorders such as inflammation and chronic pain. Sativas often alleviate symptoms related to depression and ADHD.
The two main plant species have distinguishing characteristics and appear to have physical differences. The Indica plants typically grow more quickly, are usually shorter and the flowers are more dense. The medicine produced from the plants generally have a higher CBD and lower THC quality. CBD is recently emerging as a therapeutic agent in numerous pathological conditions, but without the psychoactive results.
Indica strains allow patients to relax deeply and have a calming effect throughout the body. Many patients prefer to use an Indica strain at night. Other qualities of Indica cannabis strains include: decreased nausea, increased mental relaxation, increased appetite, increased restful sleep and decreased pain and an increase in the neurotransmitter that controls the brain’s pleasure centers: dopamine.
Medical marijuana can be used to treat a variety of diseases and conditions. Patients who administer cannabis as part of their healthcare regime may see pain reduction, increased appetite, relaxation and more. Although most medical marijuana patients are well-informed, there is often confusion when cannabis species are discussed. Medical marijuana and cannabinoids can be used to treat a patient’s physical and psychological health, alleviating the symptoms of numerous conditions.
Speak with your medical marijuana physician regarding which cannabis strain is right for you. If you or someone you love is experiencing health challenges, consult with a certifying physician to determine the best recommendation.